Most sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have no symptoms, which means people can be suffering from an STD and not know it. That fact is dangerous for a few reasons. The first is it contributes to the spread of diseases quickly. An infected person who has multiple partners can spread the disease exponentially as each partner becomes inadvertently infected. The disease continues to spread among those not using condoms during intercourse.
The second reason is that, left untreated, STDs will begin to cause further health complications and conditions. One of the most common types of sexually transmitted disease is chlamydia. It is one-hundred percent preventable and completely curable, if treated in a timely manner. Testing is the only way to know if the disease has been contracted. Without testing and treatment, the disease spreads within the body and cause permanent damage to the female reproductive system. The ability to have children may be effected. Those with chlamydia who are pregnant will pass the disease to the baby during childbirth. The result can be severe eye infections that may cause blindness, or pneumonia that may cause permanent respiratory damage.
There are ways to prevent STDs, stop them from spreading, and lower risks of contracting diseases. Abstinence from all types of sexual activity is the only one-hundred percent effective way to prevent a disease. The practice will work for some people, but is not a common occurrence among the vast majority of the population. The consistent and proper use of condoms during intercourse is the next best effective way to prevent STDs. Reducing the number of sexual partners will lower risks of contracting diseases. Talking to partners about previous sexual habits is helpful, as is getting tested before beginning a sexual relationship.
The predominate group suffering from new cases is those between fifteen and twenty-four years of age. Many have access to health care for testing, but do not seek medical attention. Among the teens, the reason is fear of parents finding out about their sexual activity. Testing is covered by most insurance plans, but many teenagers are accompanied to the doctor by a parent. Asking to speak to the doctor alone can provide more privacy for teens, or going to a free clinic is an option as well. Sexually active people who learn more about STDs will lower their risks of contracting one.